MRI Data

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Description Citation Data

Superficial white matter bundles atlas and the deep white matter bundle atlas of the chimpanzee brain based on 3-Tesla MRI from 39 subjects processed using a novel fiber clustering pipeline adapted to the chimpanzee brain.

In vivo mapping of the deep and superficial white matter connectivity in the chimpanzee brain. Chauvel M, Uszynski I, Herlin B, Popov A, Leprince Y, Mangin JF, Hopkins WD, Poupon C.Neuroimage. 2023 Nov 15;282:120362. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2023.120362.

The data set includes 595 brains from 12 primate species. Preprocessed surface files were  smoothed and normalized using our computational pipeline. For each specimen, there are 22 files containing, for each hemisphere: coordinates and connectivity for the smoothed and normalized pial (?h.pial.asc) and white (?h.white.asc); mesh file for the alpha surface (?h.alpha.ply); thickness at each vertex (?h.thickness.asc); sulcal depth (the distance between pial surface and alpha surface) at each vertex (?h.sulc.asc); curvature (k1, k2, SI, K, H) at each vertex of the pial surface (?h.pial.k1.asc, ?h.pial.k2.asc, ?h.pial.SI.asc, ?h.pial.K.asc, ?h.pial.H.asc); area of the pial surface, defined at each vertex  (?h.pial.area.asc)

Systematic cortical thickness and curvature patterns in primates. Demirci N, Hoffman ME, Holland MA.Neuroimage. 2023 Sep;278:120283. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2023.120283.

A T1-weighted chimpanzee template (JunaChimp) based on 220 structural images as well as segmentation and registration templates (TPM & Shooting template) for tissue segmentation and non-linear registration. A macroanatomical parcellation (Davi130) of the chimpanzee cortex, basal ganglia and cerebellum within the chimpanzee template space. 

Chimpanzee brain morphometry utilizing standardized MRI preprocessing and macroanatomical annotations. Vickery S, Hopkins WD, Sherwood CC, Schapiro SJ, Latzman RD, Caspers S, Gaser C, Eickhoff SB, Dahnke R, Hoffstaedter F. Elife. 2020 Nov 23;9:e60136. doi: 10.7554/eLife.60136.

Juna.Chimp Template

Atlas of white matter tracts in chimpanzee brain. Tractography recipes in standard space for the major white matter bundles of the chimpanzee brain and, for comparison, the human and macaque brain.

A comprehensive atlas of white matter tracts in the chimpanzee. Bryant KL, Li L, Eichert N, Mars RB. PLoS Biol. 2020 Dec 31;18(12):e3000971. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000971. 

Bryant et al., 2020 dataset

Chimpanzee-human cortical expansion map. In vivo MRI data from 29 adult chimpanzees and 50 adult human subjects were analyzed. Vertex-wise and region-wise expansion was calculated in reference to the 114-region subdivision of the Desikan-Killiany atlas (DK-114). 

Genetic mapping and evolutionary analysis of human-expanded cognitive networks. Wei Y, de Lange SC, Scholtens LH, Watanabe K, Ardesch DJ, Jansen PR, Savage JE, Li L, PreussTM, Rilling JK, Posthuma D, van den Heuvel MP. Nat Commun. 2019 Oct 24;10(1):4839. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-12764-8.

Wei et al., 2019 dataset

Diffusion MRI was used to reconstruct the connections of the cortical hemispheres of the chimpanzee and an exploratory analysis was performed of the grey matter structures of the chimpanzee cerebral cortex and their underlying white matter connectivity profiles. Results images are compatible with Connectome Workbench.

Concurrent analysis of white matter bundles and grey matter networks in the chimpanzee. Mars RB, O'Muircheartaigh J, Folloni D, Li L, Glasser MF, Jbabdi S, Bryant KL. Brain Struct Funct. 2019 Apr;224(3):1021-1033. doi: 10.1007/s00429-018-1817-8.

Mars et al., 2019 dataset

Connectivity matrix from chimpanzee DTI. Voxel-wise diffusion reconstructed using GQI, fibers reconstructed using deterministic fiber tracking (8 seeds per white matter voxel). Matrix describes group matrix based on 60% prevalence threshold.

Evolutionary expansion of connectivity between multimodal association areas in the human brain compared with chimpanzees. Ardesch DJ, Scholtens LH, Li L, Preuss TM, Rilling JK, van den Heuvel MP. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Mar 18. pii: 201818512. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1818512116

Ardesch et al. 2019 dataset

MRI-derived myelin maps and associated parcellations of humans, chimpanzees, and macaques. 

Development and Evolution of Cerebral and Cerebellar Cortex. Van Essen DC, Donahue CJ, Glasser MF. Brain Behav Evol. 2018;91(3):158-169. doi: 10.1159/000489943. 

Van Essen et al. 2018 dataset

MRI-derived cortical surfaces of many individual humans, chimpanzees, and macaques. The dataset presents two parcellation-based PFC delineations based on cytoarchitecture and function and show that a previously used morphological surrogate (cortex anterior to the genu of the corpus callosum) substantially underestimates PFC extent, especially in humans.

Quantitative assessment of prefrontal cortex in humans relative to nonhuman primates. Donahue CJ, Glasser MF, Preuss TM, Rilling JK, Van Essen DC. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 May 29;115(22):E5183-E5192. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1721653115.

Donahue et al. 2018 dataset

Linear metrics (cerebral lobe dimensions and sulcal lengths) and principal component scores of cortical shape variation in 206 chimpanzees and 218 human brains.

Relaxed genetic control of cortical organization in human brains compared with chimpanzees. Gómez-Robles A, Hopkins WD, Schapiro SJ, Sherwood CC. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Dec 1;112(48):14799-804. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1512646112. Gomez-Robles et al. 2015 dataset

3D landmark coordinates describing cortical and subcortical anatomy in 189 chimpanzee and 189 human brains.

Modular structure facilitates mosaic evolution of the brain in chimpanzees and humans. Gómez-Robles A, Hopkins WD, Sherwood CC. Nat Commun. 2014 Jul 22;5:4469. doi: 10.1038/ncomms5469. Gómez-Robles et al. 2014 dataset
3D landmark coordinates describing cortical anatomy in 72 chimpanzee and 73 human brains. Increased morphological asymmetry, evolvability and plasticity in human brain evolution. Gómez-Robles A, Hopkins WD, Sherwood CC. Proc Biol Sci. 2013 Apr 24;280(1761):20130575. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.0575. Gómez-Robles et al. 2013 dataset
MRI based volumetric data across adult lifespan for whole brain, neocortical gray, neocortical white, frontal lobe gray, frontal lobe white, and hippocampus in chimpanzees and humans. Aging of the cerebral cortex differs between humans and chimpanzees. Sherwood CC, Gordon AD, Allen JS, Phillips KA, Erwin JM, Hof PR, Hopkins WD. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Aug 9;108(32):13029-34. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1016709108. Sherwood et al. 2011 dataset


National Chimpanzee Brain Resoure is supported by NIH - National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke


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